ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Iraq Attack Backfire

Attacks of all sorts can backfire, especially when they are perceived as unjust. But as well as being a potential outcome of an attack, backfire can be studied as a process. Attackers often seek to prevent backfire, whereas opponents of the attack seek to magnify it. Backfire is an ongoing struggle, a sort of game. The key is to understand the rules of the game. Using historical examples to outline the basic process of backfire, this essay examines the Iraq case and the five principal ways in which the attackers tried to inhibit backfire.

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