ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Foreign Aid to India

This article shows that foreign aid to India merely substitutes for spending that the government would have undertaken anyway; the funds freed by earmarked aid are spent elsewhere. Moreover, in passing external assistance earmarked for the states, the central government makes a reduction in transfers it would have otherwise made to the states. From the country's perspective these fungibility results could be good; domestic spending priorities - inter-sectoral and inter-regional - are unaffected by foreign aid. For the donors, however, the results indicate that success of their projects, as measured by the conventional benefit-cost analysis, does not tell the whole story; the marginal use of their money and its overall development impact could be different from that intended.

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