ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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CONTENTS

February 1,1997 Caste Identity and Party Strategies Given that ethnic identity in the form of caste and religion is not likely to disappear from national politics, the key question is whether ethnic mobilisation can be successfully separated from ethnic polarisation. The Vidhan Sabha elections of 1996 in UP present a case where political parties attempted precisely this separation. Unfortunately, the conditions that led to the moderation of political party behaviour in the elections may not prove lasting. 214 Tax Reform and States The need for co-ordinated development of domestic trade taxes has shifted the focus to reform of the states' sales tax systems. A consensus has emerged on the need to transform the prevailing sales taxes into a destination based consumption type value added tax. An attempt to set out the strategy and stages of reform, based on the experience gained so far. 223 How Peasants Adapt to Drought Recurrent droughts bring about substantial socio-cultural changes in the village set-up. Erosion of traditional occupational relationships, sale of land and livestock and seasonal and permanent migration are among the graded responses to increase in the severity of drought A study of the coping mechanisms of a village community in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh. 228 Telugu Press The story of Andhra Patrika, the newspaper of the nationalist movement in the Telugu-speaking region, which closed down in 1991 and the growth of Eenadu, which is generally accepted to have transformed Telugu journalism, illustrate two insistent themes in the history of Indian languages newspapers: that newspapers and capitalism are inseparable and that newspapers must have local roots to survive. 192 Women and Political Power If women manage to push the 81st amendment bill through parliament, current assumptions about hierarchies of caste, class and gender will be seriously unsettled. The legislation will mean large-scale reorganisation of constituency allocation in order to accommodate women. It will also create the possibility for a scheduled caste woman to represent not only men of her own caste, but upper caste men and women as well. 196 Pensions: Basic Issues Shaped by historical circumstances, nations have tried to build their own safety nets for the old. A look at the structure, strengths and weaknesses of different types of old age financial security systems. 205 Trade and Food Security The plan of action adopted by the World Food Summit in Rome in November last year stressed trade as the key element in achieving world food security. The key assumptions of the plan were, however, challenged in Rome by the NGO Forum comprising community representatives from various countries. 201 Smoking Kattumaram Motorisation of 'kattumarams' is taking place at a rapid pace along the Coromandel coast with the encouragement of the state. While the main inducements are increased earnings and a modicum of comfort for the crew, the technical change is also altering the balance of power at sea by enabling the traditional fisherfolk to better protect their catch from trawlers. 198 Clinton's Second Term It is all a question of the word and the world. American presidents give the word and the world has to follow. For the rest, Clinton's second term will be much the same. What difference can there be between Clintondum and Clintondee? 191 Founder-Editor: Sachin Chaudhuri Down the Slippery Slope 183 Health: For Women, but Not by Women - Tax on Dividends: Spurious Case - Nuclear Power: Old Dreams Street Children: Easy Targets 184 Current Statistics 187 Companies 189 Of Life, Letters and Politics Clintondum and Clintondee

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