ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Dynamics of Learning Three R s in Madhya Pradesh

This paper attempts to show how socio-economic context affects achievement in rural elementary schools on the basis of a study of seven rural schools of Bhopal district in Madhya Pradesh. The proficiency level of fourth and fifth grade children in basic arithmetic and Hindi was assessed and children's performance on these tests examined against their socio-economic background, and the characteristics of their village and school. How well or poorly the village School functions is determined by (a) how modernised a village is, particularly how well it is connected to the city and (b) the percentage of SC/ST population in the village. The wider implication of this result is that development of rural infrastructure such as road networks may be an important factor in improving the quality of elementary school education.

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