ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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CONTENTS

 Economic Reform and Environment The structural adjustment programme (SAP) adopted by the government of India has ushered in major changes in 'business as usual', though none of these is explicitly aimed at environmental concerns. The growth strategy in place is built on faith in trickle down and what may be termed long-term Malthusian optimism. It does not address the problems of transition to a sustainable economy. While the prospect of growth under the strategy is, to say the least, uncertain, it is all but certain that both irkijuality and environmental degradation will worsen over the medium term. In this sense, SAP is a gamble against the majority of Indians. Hence also the urgent need for alternative strategies to exploit the complementarities among income gains, employment growth and environmental refurbishment. 1749 Annie Besant and Tamil Nationalism The Home Rule movement in Madras which Annie Besant galvanised into fitful action caused political opinion to crystallise into Brahmin and non-Brahmin political formations. More importantly, the cultural vehemence she brought to her practice of nationalism resulted in the gradual emergence of a complete and total counter-ideology. The non-brahmin resistance to political brahminism evolved into a full-fledged ideology of Tamil nationalism in the 1930s, engendering a dramatic break in the progress of 'Indian' nationalism in the Tamil country. 1768 Sharing and Caring The experience of an income-spreading mechanism which has been practised in the coastal encircling net fishery of Kerala for about half a century shows how a combination of inappropriate technology choices coming in the wake of free market policies and a now increasingly common pattern of state patronage of rural producers often combine to create open access conditions in common property resources and thus put eminently desirable communitarian systems of sharing and caring under great strain. 1780 Ethics and WAC Indian archaeologists have largely denied the influence of socio-political contexts on academics. But this has not prevented some from misusing archaeological evidence with catastrophic results. No discussion on the issue was permitted at the World Archaeological Congress (WAC) in New Delhi in December last year, so that eight years after it was formed, the WAC compromised and suppressed free debate on a vital matter. 1725 Emergency in Retrospect As the Congress(I), the perpetrator of the Emergency, appears to be heading for its final eclipse and as the victims of the Emergency are in ascendance, this is an occasion for going beyond condemnation and attempt a more dispassionate understanding of the phenomenon and its place in the evolution of the Indian polity. 1736 Spurious Plenty With the forecast of another normal monsoon, the eighth successive one, and food demand continuing to be constrained by mass poverty, the government's preoccupation on the eve of the monsoon is, alas, with problems of 'plenty'. 1732 Civilisation-Mongering The recent pronouncements of Senator Jesse Helms, chairman of the foreign relations committee of the US Congress, on India and China continue the tradition of American discourse on foreign policy being dominated by self-righteousness and contempt for others. 1724 Bhagalpur Riots The report of the commission which inquired into the Bhagalpur riots of October 1989, in which some 1,000 persons had perished, has brought out a typical pattern of collusion among the police, the bureaucracy and communal political elements. 1729 American Backyard What strikes a traveller in Nicaragua is not only the poverty of the people, but also the chaos and the sense of social paralysis. 1734 Founder-Editor: Sachin Chaudhurl Asking for Trouble 1715 Environment: Technology Change Dilemmas - The Judiciary: Not above Accountability

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