ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Sorry State of UP s Economy

With declining investment and profligate non-developmental expenditure, Uttar Pradesh's economy is in the doldrums. OF all the 14 major states of the Indian Union, UP has the lowest human development index (HDI) of 0.07 of as against 0.11 for Bihar, 0.14 for MP, 0.19 for Rajasthan and 0.21 for Orissa, the national average- being 0.37. Although Bihar and MP have a lower per capita state domestic product, they stand above UP because of higher life expectancy and literary percentage being higher in MP. Orissa has almost the same per capita domestic product as UP, but stands above in life expectancy as well as literacy rates and consequently has a higher HDI of 0.21. Similarly because of higher life expectancy, Rajasthan stands above UP despite a lower literacy rate (Annual Plan UP, 1994-95, Vol I, p 59). UP has the highest infant mortality rate in the country and has the largest concentration of people living below the poverty line which is increasing in absolute terms despite a decline in percentage terms. According to the state annual plan 1994-95 the absolute number of people below the poverty line increased in 1983-84 and further to 599.63 lakh in

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