ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Urbanisation in India Disturbing Trends

Urban Development and Urban Research in India by Amitabh Kundu; Khama Publishers, New Delhi, 1994; pp 162 + xiii, Rs 160. TRANSFORMATION of the economy from rural to urban is central to the developmental theories of 1950s and 1960s, which are based on the experience of the developed countries. However, due to an altogether different set of structural operands operating in the presently developing countries, the transition is not as smooth as the earlier experience. This is more so in countries with a democratic set up like India. This is mainly due to the imitative strategies followed without giving due consideration to the socioeconomic and political conditions prevailing in these countries. This has resulted in unwieldy growth of urban areas coupled with extremely complex social and environmental consequences associated with it. In this regard, one needs to understand the complexities in the process of urbanisation in terms of spacio-temporal expansion along with the factors responsible tor spacio-temporal variations in urbanisation rather than jumping to instant solutions hke involuntary population displacement and relocation of urban people to reduce urban pressure [Cernea 1994]. This kind of approach, while adding to human rights controversies of project-related displacement of people, may not be sustainable in the long run as we try to cure the disease without understanding the causes.

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