ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Confusing Categories and Flawed Arguments

benefits, who gains and at what costs to the environment and society. It is too much to hope and wish, as the author seems to suggest, that we could all, without protest, return to some primitive and pristine past where there would be none of the evils associated with contemporary growth: The solution seems to lie in giving local communities control over local resources so that they have the right and responsibility to rebuild nature's economy, and through it their sustenance [Shiva 1991: 342]. Such a tentative and albeit, naive policy prescription overlooks gender, class (and caste or kinship) differences and assumes instead that the community is a homogeneous whole which has some notion of the collective good or common interest. Moreover, it does not account for the increasingly global dimensions of environmental security or the real financial costs of conservation.

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