ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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for the movement. If anything it has much liberating potential. What is however a tragedy is that parties like JMM and opportunists like its leadership should rise to prominence and profit at the expense of retarding the movement. The party political elaboration of the Jharkhand movement has always been susceptible to the stresses and strains of mainstream institutional processes and have easily fallen prey to its inducements. Suraj Mandal's hold on Shibu Soren and hence on the JMM is his skill in financial manipulation that has brought prosperity to many party workers. Politics of patronage changes the dynamics of the movement. From then on leaders become substitutable, for once reduced to the status of clients there are strict limits to their capacity for political action.

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