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see how he can extract his wages ... The bourgeois order, which at the beginning of the century set the state to stand guard over the newly arisen small-holding and manured it with laurels, has become a vampire that sucks out its blood and marrow and throws them to the alchemist cauldron of capital.8 Notes 1 It can be noted that agriculture and forestry (the primary sector's share of the national income sank from 54 per cent in 1950-51 to 38 per cent in 1984-85, while that of the tertiary sector (services, transportation, etc) rose from 25 per cent to 40 per cent. But the primary sector's share of employment was 71 per cent in 1901, 72 per cent in 1951 and 69 per cent in 1981, while that of the tertiary sector was 15.7 per cent in 1901,17.2 per cent in 1951 and 17.7 per cent in 1981. Thus the nearly steady proportion of people (under) employed in agriculture earned a severely decreasing portion of the national income, while those in services got a rapidly growing share. By one estimate, 'in India the per capita income outside the farm sector, including in the services, is at least four to five times as high as in agriculture" (Ashok Mitra, 'Disproportionality and the Services Sector: A Note' in Social Scientist 16 (4), April 1988). By 1985 it should also be noted that 32 per cent of services were in the organised sector (slightly higher than the pro portion for manufacturing, mining and construction) and of this 87 per cent of those employed were in the public sector. For statistics see Mitra, above; and Centre for Monitoring the Indian Economy, Basic Statistics Relating to the Indian Economy, Volume I: All India, August 1987, Tables 9.1-9.4.

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