ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Nepal s New Constitution One Step Forward

The new constitution restores a multiparty system in the country curtailing the king's powers, but not doing away with them entirely. ON November 9 Nepal said goodbye to the partyless panchayat system when amidst a grand ceremony held in the Gorakha Baithak of Narayanhiti Raj- durbar, attended by select gathering of cabinet ministers and high officials, King Birendra formally promulgated the long- awaited new democratic constitution of Nepal, abrogating the old panchayati constitution. In a brief speech on the occasion King Birendra said the tradition of acting in accordance with the popular will enabled the "historic concert between king and people which ushered in democracy in our country in 1951". All political changes since then have been brought about with the participation of the people and as desired by them. "It is the individual whom democracy seeks to serve", the king observed. The new constitution, he said, emphasises individual freedom and human rights ensuring a rightful role for every individual "In the belief that the proposed constitution will help to forge the people in a bond of unity and advance the cause of multiparty democracy in a constitutional monarchy, we have, on the advice of the council of ministers, promulgated the constitution of Nepal 1990, with immediate effect. We have at the same time abrogated the constitution of Nepal 1962." In the new constitution which was enacted today in keeping with the desire of the Nepalese people expressed through the recent people's movement to bring about ' constitutional change of the Sovereignty of Nepal", "a multicaste, multilingual, democratic independent, indivisible, sovereign Hindu and constitutional monarchical kingdom", is "vested in the Nepalese people".

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