ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Employment, Foreign Exchange and Environment-Implications for Cropping Pattern

Unemployment, scarcity of foreign exchange and stress on environment are the most serious problems which stalk the economy today. By implication, a desirable cropping pattern would be one whichfyvqurs crops which are labour-intensive and have greater second-round employment effects. Simultaneously, it should favour crops which are either efficient import substitutes or exportables to save (earn) foreign exchange in balance. Further, given water as the binding constraint, the cropping pattern should attempt to maximise returns to this input and favour crops that are ecologically sustainable. This paper seeks to delineate broad contours of such a cropping pattern.

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