ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Ideological Trends in Indian Environmentalism

Ideological Trends in Indian Environmentalism Ecology, Socialism, Ecological Socialism? SEVERAL years ago, Ronald Reagan proclaimed to the British parliament that his life's ambition was to consign Marxism to the ash heap of history. Yet the impending demise of socialism (in whichever of its variants) has been predicted not merely by its historic enemies on the right, but by the radical ecology movement as well. "We are neither right nor left", assert the German Greens, "but in front." For many of its leading theorists, the ecology movement is playing in this century the role assigned by history to socialism in the last. The correct radical response to the evils of nineteenth century capitalism may have been the socialist movement, but the lat- ter's heritage is believed to be totally inadequate in tackling the contemporary crises of industrial society. In this vision, radical ecology may be inheriting the political mantle of socialism, but at the same time it rests on a 'paradigm shift' that opposes it to both socialism and the common enemy, capitalism (Capra and Spretnak 1984; Porrit 1984).

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