ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Two Decades of Sterilisation, Modernisation, and Population Growth in a Rural Context

and Population Growth in a Rural Context Stanley A Freed Ruth S Freed The most noteworthy feature of India's 1981 Census is perhaps the slight increase in the rate of population growth during the 1970s, despite the energetic government campaign to introduce birth control, the growing use of contraception, most especially sterilisation, a declining birth rate, and the modernisation of education, communications, and the economy. The apparent paradox of a stable or slightly increasing rate of population growth in the face of increasing modernisation, rising sterilisation, and falling fertility has been something of a surprise. The usual explanation, that mortality has declined as fast as or faster than fertility, while mathematically sound, offers little insight into a complex social phenomenon.

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