ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Theory of Pricing in Socialist Countries

spread family planning acceptance which resulted in fertility control in that country was made possible, along with other factors, by the strong incentives and disincentives introduced by the government at the time when the parents started perceiving the benefits of a small family.2 On the basis of the foregoing argument one may refute Gopalan's method of comparing states and his conclusion that reduction in the number of children does not strikingly improve the nutritional status of the children. Further, differences in the food habits of the people of different states make comparison of the magnitude of malnutrition between states misleading. An increase in real income in the lower strata of society may not alter the food habits of the people but may only improve their dietary intake. One can also expect differentials across the country in household priority towards food, clothing and education with an increase in real income. In view of these diversities, the effect of reduction in the number of children on the incidence of child malnutrition could be explained only within a state over a period of time if significant reduction in the family size has taken place.

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