ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Colonial Capitalism and Underdevelopment in North Bengal

in North Bengal Virgirius Xaxa North Bengal was one of the first parts of Bengal to have been penetrated by large-scale capitalistic plantation agriculture introduced by foreign capital investment from the middle of the 19th century. Despite this, as com- pared to other parts of Bengal North Bengal has remained backward. The condition of such existence does not inhere in the natural condition of soil, climate or even population but in the far-reaching structural consequences brought about by foreign capital investment These structural consequences comprised in restricted and uneven development which is a type of development characterised by extreme sectoral imbalance and an incapacity of the economy to gear its resources to the development of domestic market and the economic needs of the indigenous population. Such structural underdevelopment was the result of the modalities of articulation between the modern plantation sector and the traditional subsistence-oriented sector.

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