ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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AMU and Irfan Habib

evolved from pre-historic to modern times.
It was clear that, unlike in Europe where feudalism developed in the form in which it is known to us, caste is an important factor in the evolution of class society in India. I, however, could not accept the view that, on that account, the Marxist theory of class struggle is inapplicable to Indian conditions. I came to the conclusion that, so far as Kerala is concerned, the social order that came into being a few centuries before the British established themselves there is characterised by "the domination of the upper castes in social life, of the Janmi landlords in economic life and of local chieftains in administration". This particular feature of Kerala society was sought to be established with statistical and other data when my "History of Kerala1' was written in 1947.

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