ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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International Relations-Competition and Accommodation

The Enquiry found that between 1964-65 and 1974-75 the number of agricultural labour households had gone up by 35 per cent compared to a rise of 17 per cent in the number of all rural households. Further, among agricultural labour households, the number of those with land went up sharply by 52 per cent and their proportion to total agricultural labour households rose from 44 per cent to 49 per cent. Clearly, a large number of small peasants who, according to conventional wisdom, should have prospered as a result of the supposedly 'scale-neutral' new agricultural technology, had got pushed down into the ranks of agricultural laliourers. Further, with the rapid expansion of the agricultural labour population, the average number of wage employment available to members of agricultural labour households declined as did thy average daily real earnings, after correcting money earnings for the price rise over the decade. It is this other side of the type of agricultural growth that we have had which is responsible for creating the seemingly intractable problems providing price support to agricultural products and which is driving the government in ludicrous directions like looking for openings for export of foodgruins. The APC has in its latest report busied itself with recommendations for expanding storage facilities and matters of that kind, but the problem is part of the whole structure of the agricultural economy.

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