ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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How Multinationals Operate-Story of United Fruit

January 28-February 4, 1978 some effort on the part of the social scientist to prevent his endeavours from becoming inane and repetitive. Besides, considering that only little of what is planned for the poor is actually implemented in practice, the research on poverty gets meagre help from the source on which empirical research depends for its vigour and continuing rejuvenation, viz, an extensive and strong base of field studies. It is not an accident that so much of this research remains preoccupied with the long-term and with general prescriptions, neither of which could provide any new and striking insights to researchers and policymakers. Without considerable ingenuity on the part of the social scientist and firm resolve by him to discard easy liches, it is difficult to see the research on poverty gaining in substance and usefulness. It would also appear that a perspective focused on the society as a whole could be more productive than one confining itself only to the poor. For example, consider the programme for extending guaranteed employment to the rural poor which has very good prospects of being implemented effectively when the country has, as is the case now, large food surplus. Viewed as a poverty programme, it is no more than a halting first step and most poverty researchers give it only a passing reference in their lengthy agenda of what should be done for the poor. On the other hand, when considered in the context of a system characterised by incomplete demoralisation, it is difficult to think of another measure which could do so much for the poor, almost immediately, by expanding the frontiers of democracy and by lifting the pall of precariousness from the lives of the casual workers. One wishes that the Indian democracy breaks out of its fixation with the long-term goals for the poor to seize such opportunities. While the success that it achieves may not be easy or automatic, the system would at least begin to sound less hypocritical towards the poor than it does now.

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