ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Federal Fiscal Transfers in India-A Comment

some places they have also started undertaking social work. There have been active discussions about placement of older children in farms, factories or other work-places for the summer or winter vacations. In a few states the Government is helping the schools to identify the articles to be manufactured and it is also helping in the sale of what the schools produce. Financial benefits have started accruing to both the schools and the children. But the teachers have yet to master how these activities can be turned into the learning of health science, or agriculture or sociology or mathematics, etc. An entirely new approach to implementing the syllabus is involved and teachers have just begun to learn this. To say at this stage that unless much more time is made available Gandhiji's concept of basic education will not be fulfilled is to ask for the impossible, and it is therefore to discourage even the small change which is being brought about. Incidentally, the Gandhian institutions themselves, in all the decades that have gone by, have not produced any concrete literature by which the teachers upto the secondary level may IN his article, 'Federal Fiscal Transfers in India: Performance of Six Finance Commissions', (July 30, 1977, pp 1126- 1233), M Govinda Rao has raised certain issues relating to the role of the Finance Commission in achieving federal fiscal equity in the Indian federation through federal fiscal transfers. The purpose of this note is to examine a question he has raised about the scope of the Finance Commission's recommendations.

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