ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Judiciary- Confirmation of Additional Judges

January 24, 1976 and the demand for constitutional and political reform, have come from all sections of the Lebanese people, except diehard Christian supporters like the falangists and Christian politicans like Chamoun. The least radical of the suggested reforms were put forth by Rashid Karami, currently the Prime Minister, last November. These in their essence implied a modification, rather than a total replacement, of the national covenants of 1943. Specifically, the suggested reforms included (1) a 50-50 distribution of scats in the executive and legislative branches of the government (an arrangement which would still be weighted in favour of the Christians who form less than 50 per cent of the total population of Lebanon) in place of the prevailing practice where the minority Christian community holds a majority of seats; (2) a more precise defini- tialy the powers of the Head of State and the Prime Minister (under the prevailing practice, the power is concentrated in the President, the consequences of which have been most dramatically revealed in the independent actions of the Lebanese Air Force on at least two occasions in recent weeks); (3) a series of economic and social reforms, including guarantees for commercial and in- dustrial risks by the government, to encourage investment, proposals for a dry dock and a third oil refinery, a special bank to finance public housing projects, etc. But these proposals, essentially reformist and some even conservative

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