ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Social Stratification in an Orissa Village

examined by a number of Marxist scholars in recent years.1 Asbok Rudra and his colleagues led the way in India by approaching this issue with rich quantitative material, and concluded that capitalist farming had not appeared in Indian agriculture.2 Their findings have provoked several others. Rudra has been attacked for being a- historical, classifying fanners as capitalist and non-capitalist, instead of locating the trends in terms of capitalistic features.3 Nevertheless, Rudra's findings do find considerable support in the literature.4 The present paper seeks to consider the above controversy in the light of material from an Orissa village, collected as part of a larger study of political structure, at both macro and micro levels, during 1974-75. Recognising the inadequacy of the village as a unit for analysing agrarian relations,5 our analysis often extends beyond the village. Further, the data tend to be qualitative, precluding rigorous statistical operations.

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