ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh — IV

There is much evidence which suggests that the RSS leaders expected to influence politics in a Congress Party dominated by Vallabhbhai Patel. When the Congress Working Committee passed its resolution preventing RSS members from joining the Congress in late 1949 and when Patel acquiesced in this, the RSS did begin to look for some alternative way to influence politics. Those elements in the RSS who proposed more direct political involvement received a hearing within the organisation that would not have been possible before 1948. This was the backdrop to the formation of the Jan Sangh and the RSS's role in it. 

To extend the RSS's influence, a large number of other institutions were formed to spread the RSS ideology among various types of groups (i e, students, labour, teachers, etc). Rather than 'infiltrate'
existing institutions, the RSS helped form separate groups. Because RSS members were excluded from many interest groups and political parties in the post-independence period, this option was, in a sense,
forced on the RSS. 

[This is the fourth, and concluding, instalment of this study of the RSS. The first three parts discussed the origins and growth of the RSS, the relationship between the RSS and the Hindu Mahasabha
and the ban on the RSS following Gandhi's assassination which ted many in the RSS to conclude that the organisation would have to transform itself into a political party if the movement was to survive.] 

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