ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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COLLIERIES-Alternative to Nationalisation

villagers it is hard to decide where the wells should be dug as that requires some knowledge of soil structures and water tables. This the State could well undertake through consultants. True location would still pose a problem of intra-village feuds, but these surely can be thrashed out with the co-operation of the villagers. After all, even today solutions are imposed on the villagers on the excuse of the dire famine and scai- city conditions. The wells would at least increase agricultural productivity. We were struck by the lack of organisation among the labourers themselves, despite the appalling terms and condi- hand methods to pay a man less than his due, nor that union leaders are ever ready to accept gratifications from employers. Barring a few honourable exceptions, one can say that morality in the matter of labour relations is unheard of in the area. Thirdly, the industry has suffered for want of wagons for years and years. Even when It produces enough coal, the industry cannot despatch it; like the quality of mercy coal can bless him that gives, and him that receives. Today both sides are suffering because railways have failed to measure up to the demands made on them. They have failed to make wagons available; they have failed to control their staff, which resorts to strikes and go-slow tactics at the slightest excuse in this area; and they have failed to check corruption and thefts. Railways have lost valuable freight, and an artificial shortage of coal has led to profiteering by opportunists.

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