ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Aggressive Rayon

Aggressive Rayon Hansavivek GWALIOR RAYON has applied for an industrial licence for setting up a paper plant in Mysore state with a capacity of 150 tonnes a day. It is also seeking a licence for establishing another caustic soda project with an installed capacity of 33,000 tonnes per annum in that state. A major portion of the production would be diverted to the company's own rayon grade pulp and staple fibre plants in Kerala and Mysore. Government has been requested that decision on the company's application for an industrial licence which was made three years ago should be expedited. The application was for production of 36,5000 tonnes of staple fibre per annum at Harihar, in Mysore state, where its pulp plant is under construction. The engineering division is looking into the possibility of manufacturing some more sophisticated industrial equipment, at present imported by the man-made fibre industry, by entering into collaboration with foreign Arms, if necessary. The company is also awaiting the carry-on- business' licence for the rayon grade pulp project, for which it had applied in March 1970. Meanwhile, the caustic soda factory under construction is expected to be ready for production by September 1972. The rayon grade pulp project at Harihar is expected to be ready for trial runs by the end of 1971 or beginning of 1972. During its 24th year ended March last, production of staple fibre amounted to only 58,456 tonnes owing to serious labour trouble at Nagda, arising from "rivalries among the various labour unions". Rayon grade pulp output was better at 64,120 tonnes (60,940 tonnes) because of the use of various species of available woods in view of the shortage of bamboo and eucalyptus. By an Ordinance issued in May last, the Kerala government nationalised all private forests in the state. The private forest owners and the company moved the Supreme/High Court and, in pursuance of the stay order, granted by the court, the removal of woods from forests, which met about 60 per cent of the raw material requirements of the company's plant, came to a standstill. Representations have been made to the state and central governments to ensure supply of required quantities of raw material. The 30,000 acres of land at Nilambur, purchased by the company for eucalyptus plantations under an agreement with the state government in 1965, whereby it was guaranteed that the land would not be nationalised for 60 years, have also been brought within the purview of the Ordinance. The company moved the High Court in the matter. The state government has since decided not to give effect to the Ordinance, but has introduced the Kerala Private Forest (Vesting and Assignment) Bill 1971. The company has in hand a modernisation scheme of its weaving, processing and finishing departments with fully automatic, specialised and versatile machines, to maintain its leadership in the man- made textile field. New machinery incorporating the latest techniques has been installed, and more is in the process of acquisition. The engineering division continues to meet the needs of the staple fibre, viscose rayon, other synthetic fibres, and pulp and paper industries for various equipment. Fibreglass reinforced plastic for anti- corrosive lining and other industrial uses have been further perfected to meet the specific requirements of various chemical industries. Researches have been carried out for developing a new and more useful process for the manufacture of dicalcium phosphate and other alternative uses of chlorine and hydrogen which are by-products of caustic soda. The company has contributed Rs 20 lakhs to Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Rs 8 lakhs to the Research Centre of Bombay Hospital Trust, and Rs 2.21 lakhs to Birla Research Institute for Applied Sciences, Nagda.

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