ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Industry- Weak Propulsion

Act as manufacturing establishments employing 10 or more persons and using power or those employing 20 or more persons not using power. The five states having the largest proportion of factory employment in 1968 were Maharashtra (19.8 per cent of total factory employment), West Bengal (17.9 per cent), Tamil Nadu (8.7 per cent), Gujarat (8.6 per cent) and Uttar Pradesh (8.1 per cent). These five states accounted for more than three-fifths of total factory employment. Given the varying populations of states, this is no index of their respective levels of industrialisation. Per 100,000 population, only the following had more than 1,000 (that is, 1 per cent) employed in factories: West Bengal 2,014, Maharashtra 1,983, Gujarat 1,620, Tamil Nadu 1,084, Kerala 1,015 and Union Territories 1,000, The all-India rate was 912. Uttar Pradesh with 445 factory employed per 100,000 of population stood fourth from last in the list. The uneven factory employment level in the states is also evident from the growth rates of employment. While factory employment increased at 2.78 per cent per year on an all-India basis, it rose at 10.41 per cent in Mysore and 10.16 per cent in Orissa. This is evidently because of the low base of factory employment in these states in the initial year (1956).

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