ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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PAKISTAN-Web of Bourgeois Politics

PAKISTAN Web of Bourgeois Politics Aswini K Ray THE bourgeois world has been paying lip sympathy to the people of East Bengal where thousands of people have been killed in the civil War. The liberal conscience of a section of the bourgeoisie becomes uneasy when human lives are being lost by the thousand, even when such 'human tragedies1 arc the inevitable results of the contradictions of the capitalist system. As long as the victims of the tragedies do not threaten the system, which itself has caused their suffering, the capitalist world uses its sympathies 10 underline the 'human' side of the system. At the present phase of the struggle of the people of East Bengal there is no threat to the capitalist system, as in Indo- China or elsewhere. This allows international capitalism to shed crocodile tears for the victims of its own oppression. But in the foreseeable future such a threat to the system exists in East Bengal; that explains the uneasiness of the world bourgeoisie, The origins of the present crisis in Pakistan lie in the logic of the history of Partition. The national independence movement against British colonial rule in India was an all-class movement led by the Indion bourgeoisie working in close collaboration with the feudal order, The demand for partition of the subcontinent into Hindu-predominant India and Muslim-predominant Pakistan was the inevitable consequence of having such a leadership. In this sense, the partition of India, occurring simultaneously with Independence, solved no basic problems for the masses of people in either India or Pakistan; the Hindu mid Muslim bourgeus-feudal combines, in both parts, carved up their own spheres of class rule after Partition, The inevitable consequence of such a division was apparent from the very beginning; the emerging regional bourgeoisies in different parts of India and Pakistan came to challenge the authority of the national bourgeoisie and the monopoly bourgeoisie of the two countries, respectively, working in close collaboration with international capitalism. The relative strength of the Indian bourgteoisie and its stronger links with international capitalism, have enabled it to suppress all separatist forces and keep the country united; the relatively weak Pakistani bourgeoisie has found it increasingly difficult to withstand the separatist pulls of its regional bourgeoisie and of the feudal order. The present crisis in Pakistan is the first serious open clash between the interests of the Fast Pakistan bourgeoisie and the national bourgeoisie of Pakistan.

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