ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Political Organisation and Urbanisation

men sacrifice these roles to an extent in the interest of sheer survival, but they devote greater attention to the roles and cease working as soon as they can afford to do so. Ester Boserup herself describes, and indeed bemoans, the plight of Asian and African working women : "The woman of the Asian plantation has a double job, as housewife and as full time labourer ... while the men are at leisure when work in the plantation is over" (p 78), In my own field studies 6 among village women of Rajas- than, I found that working women of both agricultural and non-agricultural households expressed a strong desire to be able to afford the leisure of preparing two hot meals and looking after the health and personal hygiemneeds of their children, as could the high-caste higher-income group women of the area who were not working. It was observed further that, women of the non-agricultural group, in which both men and women were workers in a cement factory, withdrew from work as soon as the husband or one of the sons became a permanent worker with higher wages in the factory.

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