The Life, Death, and Afterlife of Waste

Bombay is built on land reclaimed from the sea. A crucial part of this reclamation has been waste that has been dumped into the creeks to produce land.

Waste has produced space. Social hierarchies of caste, class, gender, and religion have defined risk and pollution. Science and technology have been brought in to control the waste, to exterminate it, and to hide it. But every day, it returns. 

Explore this story of life, death, and afterlife of waste through three landfills in the city: Deonar, Mulund and Malad.



This feature is based on Shireen Mirza’s article “Becoming Waste: Three Moments in the Life of Landfills in Mumbai City.


Curated by: Sohnee Harshey (

Illustrated by: Gulal Salil (

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