ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Short- and Long-run Dynamics of Total Fertility Rate in West Bengal

Despite India achieving sub-replacement fertility and projecting stable future population growth, there exist significant variations in the total fertility rate among its states. One such state, West Bengal, exhibits a concerning TFR of 1.4, posing a threat to sustainable population growth. This research paper aims to identify the determinants contributing to the declining TFR in West Bengal. Our study reveals that while per capita income has long-term implications for TFR, it does not have a short-term effect. Conversely, the total population significantly impacts TFR in both the short and long run. The share of the primary sector in the state’s domestic product is found to be inconsequential in shaping TFR.

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