ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Sustainable Development of Groundwater Resource-Lessons from Junagadh District

Sustainable Development of Groundwater Resource Lessons from Junagadh District Tushaar Shah Introduction AMRAPUR and Husseinabad, two villages in Junagadh district represent the conditions that obtain in much of the coastal belt of Saurashtra which, until a decade ago, was so green and agriculturally prosperous as to be popularly called Mill itagher' (green creeper). Intensive groundwater irrigation with the onset of the modern pumping technologies in the mid-1950s was all along central to this rural prosperity. Under an encouraging government policy which made subsidies and credit freely available for intensive private groundwater development, the installation of wells with diesel engines or electric pumps increased at a rapid pace especially since 1960; in many areas, water loving crops such as sugarcane, banana, fruit orchards, etc, began to replace traditional crops. Three crops a year became quite common with the help of motorised wells. The amount of water lifted from the coastal aquifers between any two monsoons increased over 10-15 times. As a result, by the late 1960s, the fragile coastal groundwater balance began to develop cracks; in some of the uplying areas, such as Amrapur, separated from the sea by a natural ridge, wells began to dry up in late rabi and summer seasons as happens in the hard rock areas of the south-Indian peninsula; more seriously, in low lying areas closer to the sea, large and increasing areas experienced intrusion of sea water into their wells.

Unconvincing Critique of Operation Flood

Dairy Aid and Development: India's Operation Flood by Martin Doom- bos, Frank van Dorsten, Manoshi Mitra and Piet Terhal; Sage Publications, New Delhi, 1990.

Ground Water Markets and Small Farmer-Development

Development Tushaar Shah K Vengama Raju Localised, fragmented, village based ground water markets, the off-shoot or wide spread diffusion of modern water extraction technology in India, are far more pervasive and important than most researchers and policy makers imagine. Due to their responsiveness to certain public policy interventions, such water markets have the potential to become powerful instruments for efficient and equitable ground water development This paper presents an argument about how the working of such markets could be influenced and examines empirical evidence in two markedly similar villages selected from the west Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh and the Kheda district of Gujarat. The paper highlights the differential impact of public policies followed by the two states on the terms of business; and the output and livelihood intensities of ground water markets of these two villages.

Impact of Increased Dairy Productivity on Farmers Use of Feedstuffs

Farmers' Use of Feedstuffs Tushaar Shah A K Tripathi Manlik Desai This paper describes why, in the present circumstances, farmers do not feed their animals better, to exploit to the maximum the animals' genetic potential; why it is necessary to distinguish between 'scientific animal-feeding rates' followed by researchers and scientists and 'economic feeding rates' followed by farmers; and why it is the latter that must be taken into consideration for planning an increase in the country's milk production.

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