ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Trilochan SastrySubscribe to Trilochan Sastry

Towards Decriminalisation of Elections and Politics

This article studies the role of crime and money in elections and politics in the context of several recent far-reaching judgments of the Supreme Court and the Central Information Commission. Based on publicly available data of over 62,800 candidates, who contested national and state assembly elections from 2004 to 2013, it shows that both crime and money play an important role in winning elections. The article ends with some tentative recommendations for improving the situation; the recommendations include legal and administrative changes, and the role that civil society and voters can play. A long public debate and discussion is needed to try and evolve a reasonable consensus.

Electoral Reforms and Citizens' Initiatives

The question of electoral reforms acquires importance with the growing deterioration in electoral politics. Some of these reforms have been citizen-led, and have empowered the citizen. The ordinary citizen can now ask for candidate affidavits from returning officers and district election officers, scrutinise them and disseminate them to others. Much needs to be done, but these are good beginnings.

Automotive Industry in Emerging Economies-A Comparison of South Korea, Brazil, China and India

The automotive industry in South Korea, Brazil, China and India is currently going through impressive growth. Governments have played a key role in the evolution of the industry in all these countries. South Korea, a relatively late entrant to the automobile industry, has made the most significant progress, and is now exporting cars to developed markets. It is the only country that invested in R and D for product development, retained management control in joint ventures with multinational companies (MNCs), and had ambitious export targets. The industry in Brazil is older than that in South Korea, but indigenous product development capabilities are lacking and manufacturing competitiveness is limited even though the industry' is entirely controlled by MNCs. The Indian industry is experiencing a revolution with rapid growth and the entry of the largest number of MNCs. The Chinese industry is also growing very rapidly although it is still highly fragmented. We trace the evolution of the industry in these growing markets and explore the linkages between government policy, the degree of managerial control and indigenous capabilities and competitiveness.

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