ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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MFA and India s Garment Exports

across seasons; each season presents predictable peaks and troughs for each occupation and households adjust accordingly. During the unseasonal years, given delayed or low rainfall, households adopt strategies to cope with unknown rhythms within seasons (mainly the monsoon season). Thus seasonal adjustments in unseasonal years generally involve mid-season adjustments in normal agriculture and related activities.

Changes in Saving Rate and Its Implications for Growth

Implications for Growth Tirthankar Roy Kunal Sen An apparent slow-down in the overall saving ratio has generated interest in the saving behaviour of the Indian economy in the eighties. This paper situates the saving-investment data in the wider context of recent industrial growth and structural change and finds some basis to say that household savings may have been moving towards sectors and assets that involve lower capital-output ratios, and saving-investment behaviour of households may bear a close relationship with changes in the capital and labour markets, especially in industry Introduction RECENTLY several contributions have appeared on the measurement and interpretation of saving behaviour in the eighties

Relations of Production in Handloom Weaving in the Mid-1930s

Weaving in the Mid-1930s Tirthankar Roy Descriptions of the handloom industry in the thirties contain the suggestion that rather than a passive decay, competition with machine-made cloth induced adaptations, The main components of this process were, diversification into higher valued products and differentiation of weavers, leading to more complex forms of work organisation. The rapid growth of handloom factories and small-scale powerlooms bears witness to this. The paper attempts a survey of the second of these components, relational changes. The process in its most general form involved reduction of 'independent' weavers to 'dependence', that is, a progressive erosion of the right of possession over the final product. Two basic forms of dependence can be distinguished: contract for sale products tied to a particular merchant and contract for sale of labour. At the other end, there emerged a group of large producers, usually with interests in cloth trade. Pure commercial capital was thus becoming differentiated and weaker as a class. Regional differences in the strength and direction of the basic movement were considerable. The industry in the south, including Bombay-Deccan and Hyderabad, proved more progressive with greater stratification among producers while in the east and the north, merchants remained entrenched, collaborating or competing with large producers. The paper locates the preconditions for this divergence in the antecedent structures of handloom weaving in these regions.

South Indian Economy, c 1914-c 1945-Report on a Seminar

Report on a Seminar G N Rao Tirthankar Roy Raman Mahadevan D Rajasekhar Aspects of agrarian change, land and labour, role of the state and manufacturing and mining were the broad subject-areas discussed at a seminar on the South Indian Economy, 1914-1945 at the Centre for Development Studies, Trivandrum. A report.

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