ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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An Asian World Economy?

 ReOrient: Global Economy in the Asian Age by Andre Gunder Frank; University of California, Berkeley and Los Angeles, published in India by Vistaar Publications, New Delhi, 1998;

Traditional Industry in Colonial India

Traditional Industry in Colonial India TIRTHANKAR ROY This is a response to some comments in Claude Marcovits

Forests and the State

Forests and the State Modern Forests: Statemaking and Environmental Change in Colonial Eastern India by K Sivaramakrishnan; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, pp xxviii + 341, Rs 525.

De-industrialisation:Alternative View

'De-industrialisation' is an argument that British India, which started with a large and well-developed manufacturing tradition, saw a decline in its traditional industry during the colonial period, and that the modern industry which grew in its place did not compensate for the loss in employment and income. This essay presents an alternative view, which suggests that traditional industry did not decline, that it changed in organisation and character, and that these changes shaped the future course of Indian industrialisation.

Growth and Recession in Small-Scale Industry

The powerloom industry has done exceptionally well in India, in the long run and especially during an export boom after trade liberalisation in the late 1980s. Its growth illustrates several intuitions of recent international literature on small firm dynamics. An export recession in 1996-98, however, showed that the growth had happened without basic changes in the technological and organisational capability of the industry. Using the example of an export-oriented weaving region, the paper describes the origin and presents conditions of the industry, its major handicaps, how it tries to address its handicaps, and what kind of policy initiatives may be needed to deal with them. The paper also suggests that some recent changes in organisation and technology in the industry can be seen as attempts to deal with these weaknesses.

The Commons and Agrarian History

The Commons and Agrarian History Tirthankar Roy Common Lands and Customary Law: Institutional Change in North India over the Past Two Centuries by Minoti Chakravarty-Kaul; Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1996; pp xviii+315, Rs 495.

Trade and Empire

Tirthankar Roy From Prosperity to Decline: Eighteenth Century Bengal by Sushil Chaudhury; Manohar, New Delhi, 1995; pp xvi + 377, Rs 500. FROM the last quarter of the 18th century, Bengal was the chief partner of the European companies

A New Textile Policy Do We Need One

A New Textile Policy: Do We Need One? Tirthankar Roy THE ministry of textiles has set up an expert committee to formulate a new textile policy, which should be ready by early 1999. Textile policies have a long history. But, it is on balance a disreputable history. Therefore, the announcement of a new policy should be greeted not with joy, but with uneasiness, It seems from available press reports, however, that this policy will be very different in nature from its predecessors. The focus, at least officially, is going to shift from regulation to reform. This shift has a background.

Economic Reforms and Textile Industry in India

Tirthankar Roy The textile industry in India, especially cotton textiles, has been going through a major transition since the 1992 round of trade and regulatory policy reforms. The transition has stowed down during the export and industrial recession of 1996-97 and 1997-98, but should resume if conditions improve in 1998-99. Given its scale and the nature of the change, the industry represents the most important example of structural transformation in industry induced by the reforms. This article describes the process with reference to the weaving and the textile machinery segments of the industry. The broad conclusions of the paper are the following. The change in the textile industry can be interpreted as an instance of a delayed integration with the world market. On the one hand, textiles have regained a 'leading sector' rote that it had nearly forgone in the pre-reform regime. But, on the other hand, having to compete in a world market has exposed many areas of technological and organisational weaknesses, especially in the capital goods sector.

Limits of Colonial Science

Tirthankar Roy Science and the Raj, 1857-1905 by Deepak Kumar; Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1995; pp xiv+273, Rs 475. THE book describes the study of science in colonial India, and conceptualises what it calls, 'colonial' science. The analysis makes implicit or explicit distinctions between colonial and metropolitan sciences in terms of their aims, contents, and above all, the mentalities of their patrons and practitioners.

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