ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Politics and Business in Bangladesh

urban migration as a major cause of urban imbalance. Heinz Bongartz in his introduction brings home the need for comprehensive planning for both urban and rural areas with equal stress. The remaining authors of Volume I, Sivaramakrishnan and Buch, engage themselves mainly in implemen- tational problems of basic service projects and call for more efficient management.

Rural Credit in a Market Regime

Thomas A Timberg Rural Credit Issues for the Nineties edited by Surjeet Singh; Oxford and IBH Co, Delhi. 1992.
THIS book contains the proceedings of a national seminar on rural credit sponsored by the Institute of Development Studies in Jaipur in August 1990 and attended by leading experts on issues affecting rural credit. The proceedings are fresh, accurate and stimulating, and reflect all the contradictions and difficulties, as well as the accomplishments, of the national rural credit system. The background papers, including a first-rate keynote address by R N Malhotra, are all quite interesting; nevertheless, one does wish that this volume contained more of the elements commonly found in a book. It includes an index, but has no bibliography or consolidated statistical appendix. It does, however, contain an excellent summary of the seminar discussion by Surjeet Singh.

INDUSTRY-Cannibals and Missionaries

Cannibals and Missionaries Thomas A Timberg MUCH comment on SSE units sees them as forming a critical, but transient portion of the industrial structure of developing countries.1 In the earliest stage, small units prevail. Later they are displaced by larger ones. This has been so both in earlier industrialisation, as of the present industrialised countries, as well as the Newly Industrialised Countries (NICs such as Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, etc). Logically, increasing volumes of production enable scale economics, upward pressure and wages, cause the substitution of more capital intensive techniques, etc. Of course, even in the final stage, some small manufacturing units survive, for craft or luxury goods, or dealing in highly specialised items as well as in the forefront of new industries or industrial trends.2 Jane Jacobs, in some recent articles, has emphasised the role of these sectors in retaining an economy's resiliency.3 To the extent that size transformation does not occur, observers worry that a pathology is present. For example, that markets are so protected that inefficient firms are not subject to competitive pressure. Or that the economy is static and experiencing little growth and transformation. Large scale firms, when they are successful, institutionalise continuous change within themselves

Berunda A Case of Exhausted Development

Berunda: A Case of Exhausted Development Thomas A Timberg IN 1970 remember approaching the village of Berunda through the dry- Land areas of Jodhpur. Whereas elsewhere, scattered plots were irrigated through Persian Wheels or tanks constructed by local Rajas

Micro and Macro Data in Village India -A Note

Micro and Macro Data in Village India A Note Allan Hoben Thomas A Timberg Despite the complementarity of in-depth participant-observer studies and research based on census and survey techniques, or perhaps because of it, it has proven difficult to develop a fruitful relationship between them. Until recently, differences in intellectual orientation, methodological dogma and philosophical outlook, as well as of institutional affiliation, has tended to keep their practitioners apart and at odds. Over the past few years, the situation has begun to change due to a convergence in theoretical perspectives between economists and anthropologist interested in empirical studies of decision-making and a convergence of their interests, for example in the rural poor. It appears, however, that successful collar boration depends on researchers sharing an interest in the same empirical problems, and probably some explicit co-ordination.

Business and Industry in Nineteenth Century India

November 28, 1970 is the main strength of the book. Its analysis is unimpressive. The author refers to the assistance provided by prominent members of the Jan Sangh and the backfiles of the Organiser provided most of the source material. It seems that respect for the subject has deterred the author from conducting a penetrating analysis of some of the vital is- sues. One wonders if Baxter can be regarded as the Jan Sangh's authorised biographer.

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