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Multiple Vulnerabilities in Utilising Maternal and Child Health Services in Uttar Pradesh, India

Although there are multiple vulnerabilities that may prevent access to maternal and child health services in India, the literature has so far focused on unidimensional vulnerabilities—typically, economic or social vulnerabilities. The linkages between multiple vulnerabilities and the utilisation of MCH services are investigated using data from National Family Health Survey-4 (2015–16) for Uttar Pradesh to analyse whether women received full antenatal care, institutional delivery care, postnatal care, and full immunisation for their children. Bivariate analysis and binomial logistic regression analysis are employed to examine the multiple vulnerabilities that service utilisation across three dimensions—education, wealth, and caste. Women with multiple vulnerabilities are less likely to utilise essential MCH services.

Menopause: An Emerging Issue in India

This paper analyses the National Family Health Survey-2 data in order to assess the variations in the levels of menopause in India and its states. It also examines the non-biological correlates of menopause and highlights the emerging issues of menopause. The variations with respect to different socio-economic, demographic, nutritional and reproduction-related variables imply that by and large women from the poor socio-economic sections reach menopause early compared with their counterparts. As India is still characterised by a large number of illiterate women with a low age at marriage and early childbearing with poor nutritional levels, the problem of early menopause may continue to be a burden in the future too.
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