ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Surinder S JodhkaSubscribe to Surinder S Jodhka

Society, State and Power

Society, State and Power Institutions and Inequalities: Essays in Honour of Andre Beteille edited by Ramachandra Guha and Jonathan P Parry; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, pp ix+302, Rs 595 (hardbound).

Punjab : Decline of Identity Politics

The Akalis lost the 1999 parliamentary elections but won the battle of moving politics in the state away from communalism. This is why their performance was judged on secular criteria such as governance and economic policies.

Community and Identities

The notion of community is being invoked not only by social scientists engaged in understanding Indian social and political processes, but also by parties on the right and the left in their mobilisation and in the official discourses on development law and common civil code. But in most of these discourses, the internal structure of the supposed communities invariably gets elided in favour of a notion of moral bonds and cultural authenticity.

Haryana : Change of Government and Beyond

While the sense of regional identity has remained weak in Haryana, the state has evolved its own style of politics whose distinguishing feature is its preoccupation with caste. Caste issues will be a determining feature of the forthcoming elections.

To Migrate or to Stay

Surinder S Jodhka Peasant Moorings: Village Ties and Mobility Rationales in South India edited by Jean-Luc Racine; Sage Publications, New Delhi, 1997; pp 400, Rs 495, MIGRATIONS from rural to urban areas in third world countries have been viewed with much interest particularly by those concerned with understanding the processes of development and change in these societies. The classical theorists, both in development studies as well as in demography, thought of migrations in an universal-evolutionary kind of framework. It was expected that as the developmental process unfolded, a large proportion of rural inhabitants would inevitably move to cities, giving up working on land and shifting to employment in industry or the urban service sector. Industrialisation and urbanisation have for long have regarded as the two most important indicators of the modernisation process.

Understanding Exchange Relations in Indian Agriculture

Understanding Exchange Relations in Indian Agriculture Surinder S Jodhka Rural Indian Social Relations: A Study of Southern Andhra Pradesh by Wendy Olson; Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1996; Rs 595, THE rhetoric of globalisation and the process of liberalisation of Indian economy has, apart from other things, seriously undermined the earlier agenda of development. This has also changed the research priorities in Indian academics. The study of agrarian social structure and change that had been among the most popular concerns among scholars working on India suddenly seems to have gone out of fashion. Interestingly, this has happened without any significant change in the structure of the Indian economy. Nearly two-thirds of the country's population still depends directly on the agricultural sector. The prevailing structures of agrarian relations still determine the lives and fates of a majority of its people.

Crisis of the 1980s and Changing Agenda of Punjab Studies-A Survey of Some Recent Research

'Crisis' of the 1980s and Changing Agenda of 'Punjab Studies' A Survey of Some Recent Research Surinder S Jodhka Despite it having occupied the front page of Indian newspapers for more than a decade, the movement for an independent state of Khalistan has ended without achieving anything in political terms. However, the 'crisis' of the 1980s has had far-reaching implications, both for the people of Punjab and for the Indian polity at large. At another level, it has led to the institutionalisation of 'Punjab Studies' in the global academy.

Beyond the Economics of Supply and Demand

Beyond the Economics of Supply and Demand Surinder S Jodhka A Political Economy of Agricultural Markets in South India: Masters of the Countryside by Barbara Harriss-White; Sage Publications, New Delhi; pp 425, Rs 395 (cloth).

Interpreting Attached Labour in Contemporary Haryana

Interpreting Attached Labour in Contemporary Haryana Surinder S Jodhka WHILE I am grateful to Tom Brass for noticing my work and for his detailed responses [Brass 1995, 1996] to my papers in EPW [Jodhka 1994, 1995), I am also perturbed at the way he has reacted to my formulations. Not only had I not imagined that my work would unsettle and disturb him in the manner in which it seems to have done, but also I had actually thought I agreed with his position more than I disagreed with it. Instead of concentrating on the conceptual and empirical issues being debated, Brass in his second comment [Brass 1996] resorts to attacking me personally. Apart from sounding dismissive and arrogant, his comment is full of misrepresentations and half-truths. Therefore it calls for a rejoinder.

Unusual Sources, Conventional Questions-A History of Tenancy in South India

A History of Tenancy in South India Surinder S Jodhka Lands and Tenants in South India: A Study of Nellore District 1850-1990 by M Atchi Reddy; Oxford Uniersity Press, New Delhi, 1996; pp 215, Rs 345.

Who Borrows Who Lends-Changing Structure of Informal Credit in Rural Haryana

Much of me Literature on rural credit' in the post-independence period has been centred around the 'development questions' and largely quantitative in nature. Based on a qualitative field study in three villages of a green revolution district of Haryana, this paper attempts to explore the sociology of informal credit with a specific focus on understanding the changing structure of informal credit market and the emerging patterns of debt dependencies in the light of (a) the agrarian transformation experienced with the success of the green revolution; and (b) increasing availability and growing popularity of the institutional sources of credit.

Agrarian Changes, Unfreedom and Attached Labour

Agrarian Changes, Unfreedom and Attached Labour Surinder S Jodhka IN his comment on my paper [Jodhka 1994] Brass (1995) has tried to contest my argument by claiming that not only are there no 'counter- tendencies' leading to a decline in the incidence of attached labour or in the elements of unfreedom in labour relations, but, restating his earlier position, that the trend in Haryana agriculture is an opposite one. Using the mechanism of debt. Brass argues, farmers control and discipline agricultural labour. This leads to 'decomposition/recomposi- tion' or deproletarianisation' of labour. Hence fur Brass, indebted labourers, both permanent as well as casual, are like unfree slaves and the incidence of unfreedom is growing with capitalist development in Maryana agriculture.


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