ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Surendar SinghSubscribe to Surendar Singh

National Medical Devices Policy, 2023

The union government introduced the National Medical Devices Policy, 2023 to augment the capacity, capabilities and competence of the domestic medical devices manufacturing industry. However, the policy has many lacunae and missing links, which could undermine the aims to foster a strong domestic medical devices manufacturing. There is a need for reform, in line with the existing policy initiatives and to constitute a separate law and regulatory body for the industry. The policy needs to enhance the accessibility by changing the existing procurement system for the public health sector. It further needs to scale up domestic manufacturing capabilities, through production-linked incentives, to ensure affordable medical devices for all citizens.

Development of Enterprises and Services Hub Bill, 2022

The draft Development of Enterprises and Services Hub Bill, 2022 refl ects signifi cant policy ambivalence and contributes to legal ambiguities for business fi rms. It is not only incoherent with other fl agship schemes of the Government of India but also is oblivious to the evolving global trade realities, thus exposing the potential risks of policy-induced distortion(s).

Is There Any Dichotomy between India’s New FTA Strategy and Its Trade Policy?

India’s recalibrated free trade agreement strategy lacks appropriate coherence to its trade policy that vouches for domestically produced goods over imported goods. The increased proclivity towards signing the free trade agreements is more driven by its geostrategic interests and prominently addressing the supply-chain vulnerabilities.

Container Crisis and High Freight Costs

The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent worldwide lockdown(s) have adversely affected the functioning of global supply chains. The restrictions on navigation of vessels across the global supply chains resulted in acute shortages of the containers, subsequently escalating ocean freight rates. High freight rates have severely affected India’s exports competitiveness in the global markets. The crisis has exposed the lacklustre approach of the government in dealing with container shortages, leading to skyrocketing freight rates.


Restricting Third Country Imports

The Government of India has rolled out new rules to restrict third country imports routed through free trade agreement partners for availing preferential tariff benefits. However, the regulatory and compliance-related burdens of the new rules will burden both import-dependent and value chain led export-oriented sectors, and make them uncompetitive in global markets.

Some Aspects of Groundwater Balance in Punjab

in Punjab Surendar Singh This paper highlights some important issues pertaining to groundwater irrigation in Punjab, (i) Over-exploitation of ground water in Punjab has made the groundwater balance precarious; the annual drawdown in many regions far exceeds the replenishment; (ii) The 1988 deluge provided only temporary relief by augmenting the net groundwater balance, the gap between draft and recharge continues to be very high, indicating enormous pressure on the irrigation system of the state; (iii) In many regions of the state, the availability of groundwater for irrigation is the direct consequence of canal irrigation, much of the draft in the state is being carried out with the help of electric operated shallow tubewells getting power at subsidised rates; (iv) Increase in double-cropped area, irrigation intensity and area sown to paddy appear to have impinged upon the groundwater resource in Punjab; and (v) The widening gap between recharge and draft components of groundwater balance and consequent depletion of the resource would have serious technological, economic and social implications.

Import of Donated Commodities, Export of Feed, and New Technology of Milk Production

Import of Donated Commodities, Export of Feed, and New Technology of Milk Production Surendar Singh Kamaljit Singh Operation Flood relies heavily on donated commodities. These donations make India the largest recipient of food aid from the EEC The inflow of donated commodities is likely to have a contracting effect on the dairy sector of the Indian economy.

Some Implications of Area Choice in the Operation Flood II Programme

Operation Flood II Programme Surendar Singh R K Sharma This study highlights some important implications of the choice of areas of operation for implementing the Operation Flood II programme.

Operation Flood II Some Constraints and Implications

and Implications Surendar Singh This study highlights some apparently neglected implications of the Operation Flood II programme.
(1) There will be a severe shortage of feed and forages in India during the period 1978-79 to 1984-85. The severity of the shortages will increase with the increase in the numbers of cross-bred milch cattle.

Back to Top