ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Sanjaya BaruSubscribe to Sanjaya Baru

Sugar in History Sweetness and Power

Sanjaya Baru Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History by Sidney W Mintz; Penguin Books, 1986; price (UK)

The State in Retreat

Sanjaya Baru This note tries to place the Budget for 1985-86 within the overall context of the political economy of Indian economic development and the likely growth strategy into which the Budget fits. While it is premature to make any conclusive assessment, it is worth focusing attention on some of the questions raised in this note, if only to define the broad parameters within which the Budget must be viewed.

MARX CENTENARY-Karl Marx and Analysis of Indian Society

MARX CENTENARY Karl Marx and Analysis of Indian Society Sanjaya Baru THE Marx Centenary Seminar on "Karl Marx and the Analysis of Indian Society" organised by the Editorial Board of Social Scientist at New Delhi from October 6 to 8 was the third all-India seminar organised by Social Scientist. The first seminar on 'Marxism and Aesthetics' met at Kasauli in 1979 while the second on ' Lenin and Contemporary Capitalism' me: at New Delhi in 1981. Clearly these seminars have become an important meeting point for scholars and political activists in India. Indeed these seminars have helped to make this distinction increasingly irrelevant which in itself is important given the fact that of late it has become fashionable for so-called 'Marxist intellectuals' to distance themselves from the communist movement in this country.

REVIEW OF POLITICAL ECONOMY-State and Industrialisation - Political Economy of Sugar Policy, 1932-47

Political Economy of Sugar Policy, 1932-47 Sanjaya Baru Any analysis of the dynamics of the sugar economy and of the nature and content of sugar policy in post-Independence India requires a proper understanding of its historical background and the context within which the existing structure of the industry has emerged.

Close Look at Indian Industry

Close Look at Indian Industry Sanjaya Baru Change and Choice in Indian Industry by Amiya Bagchi and Nirmala Banerjee (ed); Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta; K P Bagchi and Co, Calcutta, 1981; pp 424, Rs 85.00.

ANDHRA PRADESH-Populism and the Plan

Populism and the Plan COMING as it did only two months before the elections to the state Legislature the launching of the Mid- Day Meals Scheme for school children in the age group of 6 to 11 years has naturally been viewed as a pre-election stunt. This widespread impression prevails, despite almost daily denials by the ruling party, because Andhra Pradesh is simply not in a position as of today to take on the financial burden of such a massive and creditable programme. And what surprises most observers is that the state's economy should have come to such a pass when barely a year ago the then Governor of the Reserve Bank of India had commended the state government for its 'prudent financial management'.

IMF Loan

Sanjaya Baru P R BRAHMANANDA'S reply (May 8) to my review of his monograph on the I M F Loan (March 27) is both provocative and amusing. In the first instance Brahmananda has replied in haste so that he has not only misread, and, therefore misrepresented, my points of criticism, hut he has also misled the leader once again which forces me to question again his claim to objectivity in this entire discussion. Brahmananda provokes and amuses also because he more often refutes my arguments with rhetorical questions than with hard tacts. Let me explain.

The IMF Loan A Loyalist View

 fumine-stricken areas to elsewhere. Market demands are not reflections of biological needs or psychological desires, but choices based on exchange entitlement relations. If one doesn't have much to exchange, one can't demand very much, and may thus lose out in competition with others whose needs may be a good deal less acute, but whose entitlements are stronger" (p 161). Each of these statements is true, but, let it be tremulously suggested, banally true, and it is, in the opinion of the present reviewer, a stupendous waste of Amartya Sen's time and talent that conclusions, so trivial in nature, have to be tagged at the end of an unnecessarily elongated text.

Studying Society and Social Change

Studying Society and Social Change Sanjaya Baru Amitabh Dasgupta C T KURIEN's review of Krishna Bharadwaj's "On Some Issues in the Analysis of Social Change" (January 24) was less than fair to the author. While missing the basic thrust of the three Lectures delivered by Krishna Bharad- waj at I he University of Mysore, the review does not give a proper appraisal of her argument. We wish to draw attention to the former and make some observations on the latter.

Hail National Bourgeoisie

tions. John Matthai, the Finance Minister, saw the Planning Commission "as a tool of Nehru to reduce the importance of the industrial and commercial classes''. Gopal however fails to mention that Sardar Patel succeeded in deleting a passage from the original draft that would have denned the purpose of planning as "the progressive elimination of social, political and economic exploitation inequality, the motive of private gain in economic activity or organisation of society and the anti-social concentration of wealth and means of production". 3 Further, Nehru first offered the chairmanship of the Planning Commission to conservative leaders like Rajendraprasad and Rajagopala- chari. As both of them declined the offer, he became its chairman. But despite his chairmanship and his preference for 'socialistic' planning, the status of the Planning Commission, did not rise beyond that of an advisory broad. He had hardly any idea of what the Planning Commission was doing. "I am almost completely out of touch. Occasionally some paper may come to me. But the real job of planning is to think and discuss vital matters. Either this is done without my knowledge or this is not done at all, because I have no information about it" (p 198).

Sugar Crisis Who Bears the Burden

reduction in interest payments is limited owing to the fact that there is continuous recourse to bank credit. This would have implications in terms of the effectiveness of a restrictive stance of monetary policy in the context of the need to contain inflationary pressures. Apart from these, the allo cations of expenditure for education and medical health could be subjected to scrutiny. Besides, two areas required closer examination. First, the role of subsidies particularly those relating to food and fertilisers, need a fresh look so as to ensure optimum use of available resources. Secondly, the transfer of funds to non-departmental commercial undertakings, both financial as well as non-financial and to States, need a careful reassessment. It would not appear to be a prudent course to use exchange rate variation for the purpose of reducing the rupee expenditure on imports.

Inadequacies of New Growth Theory

with him. It is remarkable that such a suggestion should have been made, all the same. The hooks' greater value lies in providing the Indian reader the Pakistani version of events inside Bangladesh after March 1971 right till the lime of surrender:

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