ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Leather Exports An Illusory Boom

Saurabh Sinha Sanjay Sinha This paper attempts to analyse the export performance of the Indian leather industry with a view to determining the constraints to the future growth of the industry in the context of the policy measures introduced in recent years to facilitate leather exports.

Development Impact of Silk Production

A Wealth of Opportunities Sanjay Sinha Silk production is a highly employment-oriented, low capital intensity activity ideally suited to the conditions of a labour abundant, agro-based economy. This paper examines this proposition and suggests strategies for strengthening the con tribution of this activity to rural development. The available information on the socio-economic and related technical issues is far from comprehensive. A major finding of the paper is that the production systems presently employed have led to a significant positive impact on development. Given the growing demand for silk and consequent expansion, there exists a wealth of opportunities for maximising the development impact SILK production, including sericulture, is well known as a highly employment-oriented, low capital intensity activity ideally suited to the conditions of a labour abundant, agro-based economy. The object of this paper is to examine various dimensions of this proposition and to suggest, in a long- term perspective, strategies for strengthening the contribution of the activity to rural development. In doing so, it draws upon research conducted by the author on techno- economic issues in silk production in India to identify possibilities for intermediate technology interventions.' This incorporated a wide ranging survey of the available documentation on socio-economic and related technical dimensions of sericulture in India supplemented by brief field visits. The available information from secondary sources is far from comprehensive and insufficiently detailed for definitive statements to be made here but the paper attempts to focus the discussion and to determine the aspects which need further socio-economic research.

Handloom Weavers of East Uttar Pradesh-Let Down by the Welfare State

have been elected to the state assembly and the Lok Sabha from both the Congress( I) and the RPI. In fact there has been an unwritten political understanding between the Congress and the Mahars, brought about first by Y B Chavan in the early sixties when he struck a political deal with the then RPI leader, Bhaurao Oaikwad, one of B R Ambedkar's proteges. The state government has generously rewarded RPI and Dalit Panther leaders with appointments to government bodies and committees and the boards of government corporations. The government was thus anxious to accommodate the Mahars and the latter on the other hand were not keen to embarrass the government unduly. A week before the Mahar's February 5 demonstration in Bombay, the leaders of the Maratha Mahasangh had declared in Pune that their organisation was not against B R Ambedkar and the Mahars and that the Middles' issue should be amicably settledLike the RPI and the Dalit Panthers, different factions of the AT a time when the economy of the rest of the country is reeling from the ravages of drought, on the one hand, and flood on the other, the economy of the eastern part of UP is flourishing. Lying as it does between the drought hit north and west of the country and the flood affected east, Poorvanchal was blessed with ideal weather conditions this past kharif season, yielding good returns from agriculture and a vibrant local economy. Yet, the decentralised textile industry, a major component of the economy of the region is in the midst of a severe recession; 50 per cent of looms are reported to have closed down. Weavers are faced with the prospect of migration to the now not-too- vibrant power loom belt of western India, enrolment (often for the first time) in the amorphous and plentiful army of landless agricultural labour or, worse, starvation. The cause of this bleak scenario consists of an unfortunate combination of the misfortunes resulting from the effects of weather patterns on the wider national economy and the mismanagement entailed Maratha Mahasangh are close to the Con- gress(I) leadership in the state and are currently seeking positions for Maratha youth in the zilla parishad elections with Congress help. The Shiv Sena has been pleading with the Maratha Mahasangh to support it in the zilla parishad elections, but the Mahasangh has not responded favourably to these overtures.

Economics vs Stigma-Socio-Economic Dynamics of Rural Leatherwork in UP

Economics vs Stigma Socio-Economic Dynamics of Rural Leatherwork in UP Sanjay Sinha Increasing exports of Indian leather and leather goods in recent years have been matched by a growing interest in the potential for realising further quantitive and qualitative growth. In this context, the development of this traditional industry

Poverty Alleviation Anything Goes

pines and Africa, add to the worth of the volume. Altogether it adds up to a rich fare. Dharm Narain, if he were around, would havf been delighted, for the volume would have provided him with ample food for thought, in all seasons his principal nourishment.

Woollen Textile Production and KVIC in Hill Areas Development

KVIC in Hill Areas Development Frances Sinha Sanjay Sinha The promotion of industries based on local resources and skills is a vital component of planning for employment and income distribution. In the context of local resources and needs on the one hand, and poor infrastructural facilities on the other; woollen textile production in the cottage sector appears to be an important industry for hilt areas development This paper is being published in two parts. The first part, which appeared last week, attempted to gauge the importance of woollen textile production in the economy of the Kumaon hills of Uttar Pradesh, the pattern of employment in the cottage industry, and in particular, its significance as a home-based economic activity for women. Against the background of the increasingly dominant role assumed by the Khadi institutions in this sector, Part II of the paper, which appears below, examines the role and effectiveness of these institutions in generating income and employment in the industry.

Woollen Textile Production and KVIC in Hill Areas Development

Purdah to Modernity", New Delhi, Patwardhan, Sunanda (1973) : "Change among India's Harijans: Maharashtra, A Case Study", New Delhi.
Roberts, M W (1966) : 'Indian Estate Labour in Ceylon during the Coffee Period 1830- 1880' in The Indian Economic and Social History Review, III:1 and 2.

India and the International Market in Handknotted Carpets

Handknotted Carpets Sanjay Sinha Carpet weaving is a major cottage industry in India, employing thousands of village artisans. Almost alt the Indian production of handknotted carpets, worth more than Rs 100 crore, is exported.

Leg-Up for Small Industry

Developing Small-Scale Industries in India: AN integrated Approach. The Experience of the Blria Institute of Technology's Small Industry Scheme by Marilyn Carr, Intermediate Technology Publications,

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