ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Understanding Powerloom Weavers' Suicides in Sircilla

An oligopolistic market, fluctuating market conditions, inadequate modernisation and the subordinate status of hired workers have contributed to the poor living conditions of workers in Sircilla, a powerloom centre of Andhra Pradesh. The state and central governments need to intervene in a more organised fashion to end the distress. In the short run, the state governments should source procurement of cloth for supply to various welfare schemes from the powerloom producers. In the medium term the central government should make it possible for the powerloom operators to access funds from the existing textile modernisation schemes.

Economics of Handloom Weaving: A Field Study in Andhra Pradesh

Based on fieldwork, this paper examines the problems and prospects of the handloom sector in Andhra Pradesh. One major finding is that the growth performance of cooperatives determines the growth of other institutions - the master weavers, middle men and independent weavers. Well-performing cooperatives are the best safeguard for the handloom sector, as they protect the weaver and also provide a counterbalance to the master weaver. Competition from powerlooms is an obvious threat, but this can be countered if the sector produces high value, unique (brand value) products or medium value products which can be marketed locally or abroad, as distinct from powerloom products.

Safety Net Programmes: Outreach and Effectiveness

The safety net programmes, which are designed with three main purposes, protection (ex post), insurance (ex ante) and poverty alleviation, offer help to households during a period of crisis. This article evaluates the efficiency, awareness, participation, targeting and distributive outcomes of these programmes, based on household/village-level surveys conducted in Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. In addition, the article pays special attention to the functioning of village-level institutions and social capital. Besides giving an overview of the risks and shocks faced by households in these states, the article shows that the current safety net programmes do not seriously address the health risk. , , ,

Agrarian Crisis: Looking beyond the Debt Trap

The agrarian crisis is pushing farmers into distress and ultimately to suicides. It is argued that the cumulative effect of a number of factors is responsible for the present agrarian crisis. These factors, categorised as technological, ecological, socio-cultural and policy-related, are discussed here.

Women's Self-Help Groups, Poverty Alleviation and Empowerment

In its strategy for poverty alleviation and women empowerment, the government of Andhra Pradesh has provided considerable space for women�s self-help groups. What are the characteristics of the women-based group models of poverty alleviation and women empowerment that are being implemented in the state? How are the poor women organised into groups? How do the groups function? And what has been the contribution of these models to poverty alleviation and women empowerment? This paper attempts to address some of these issues.

Trends and Determinants of Poverty: 1973-74 to 1999-2000

This paper examines trends in rural and urban poverty in Andhra Pradesh. It also looks at the role of poverty alleviation programmes in eradicating poverty. While the incidence of poverty shows a significant decline, policy interventions such as provision of education and healthcare facilities, food subsidy and rural public works can benefit the chronically poor and those unable to participate in the growth process.

Rural Employment Programmes-Case for Involving Voluntary Organisations

This article examines the role and relevance of rural employment generation programmes in the Anantapur district in Andhra Pradesh and suggests that the close participation of voluntary agencies in the programmes would enhance their effectiveness.

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