ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Ratika GaurSubscribe to Ratika Gaur

Public Order (v Sedition) vs Freedom of Speech and Expression

Post-independence judicial rulings on the right to freedom of speech and expression have produced two contradictory lines of precedents on the restriction of “public order” under Article 19(2). The first is a “tendency-driven test” which reads public disorder as synonymous with “undermining the security of the state” and therefore sedition, while the second is a “consequence-driven test,” which separates sedition from public disorder, based on the temporal dimensions of proximity and proportionality. The underlying question at stake in either case, however, is that of determining the exercisable limits of an average Indian’s rationality within the public sphere.

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