ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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WEST GERMANY- Fresh Strains in Relations with US

WEST GERMANY Fresh Strains in Relations with US Ramesh US-WEST GERMAN relations which only recently recovered from the strains caused by the controversy over the neutron bomb, are once again strained

WESTERN EUROPE-Search for Stable Exchange Rates

Search for Stable Exchange Rates Ramesh Jaura WHEREAS West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt and French President Discard d'Estaing have reason to rejoice over the coming into operation of the European Monetary System (EMS) on January 1, as scheduled, Indian officials in Bonn and Brussels fear that the new system will have adverse effects on the value of Indian exports to the EEC. In fact, the EMS has been causing concern not only to India and other underdeveloped countries but also to the US.

WEST GERMANY-Trade Unions Serve Notice

the first time that the Akalis are confronted with such a situation. Both the blocs are under pressure to shape the configuration of religion and politics according to their subjective understanding of danger. Hence the question is posed in extremes: religion for politics or politics for religion? Clearly, if the Akalis are to maintain their ideological hold over the Sikh masses, keeping in view their long-term political interests, the primacy of religion over politics has to WEST GERMANY be proclaimed. The logic of this would compel the moderates to make a final choice.

BONN SUMMIT-Illusions of Stability and Growth

 BONN SUMMIT Illusions of Stability and Growth Ramesh Jaura UNLIKE the pervious summits in Rambouillet, Puerto Rico and London, the Summit conference of Seven leading industrial nations that met at Bonn on July 16-17 has resulted in a package of specific and interdependent measures covering growth, employment and inflation, energy, trade and relations with the developing countries. In a thirty-one point declaration, the summit countries (Canada, France, Italy, Japan, UK, US and West Germany) pledge them- selves to improved growth so that "the we world is able to develop to meet the expectations of its citizens and the aspirations of the developing countries". A steady non-inflationary growth is to be achieved by implementing concrete measures tailored to their different economic positions.

BONN SUMMIT-Stimulating World Economy

BONN SUMMIT Stimulating World Economy Ramesh Jaura MEASURES to stimulate the world economy and bring about a recovery in international trade as well as monetary policy are expected to dominate the forthcoming two-day economic summit in Bonn beginning on July 16, -though the North-South dialogue and ways of saving energy may also come up for discussions. The latter two subjects equally engage the attention of the seven major industrial nations the US, France, Great Britain, Italy, Canada, Japan and West Germany. But the duration of the conference itself prohibits any intensive parleys on all the issues.

FOREIGN INVESTMENT-The Malaysian Way

 reports are that the experiment has been quite successful. Until this poll the sarpanches were elected indirectly, by the panches themselves. The latest poll amounted to an extension of the franchise principle and has been widely welcomed by voters. In effect, it is the sarpanch who exercises the real powers. The panches being, by and large, inactive and sleeping partners in the village administration.

EAST GERMANY-Voices of Dissent

 EAST GERMANY Voices of Dissent Ramesh Jaura IS the "workers' and peasants' state", the German Democratic Republic, in for internal convulsions caused mainly by the country's elite? A recent report in the West German newsweckly, Der Spiegel, speaks of the formation of a "Federation of Democratic Communists", operating secretly in small cells, and threatening the ruling monolithic Socialist Unity Party (SED). The "Federation" apparently enjoys the active support of top and middle level SED party functionaries.

GREECE-Re-emergence of the Left

hectares could be set apart for the production of scarce wood and bamboo. Rubber plantations continue to be an important part of the economy; in spite of the destructions. However the tapping of latex destined for export needs to be modernised. Certain mountainous regions, where the soil is basaltic, are favourable for the cultivation of tea, coffee and cocoa. The lulls where the soil is less rich will be reserved for breeding of cattle and poultry; and setting up of a factory for turning out synthetic food for cattle is envisaged. Time was when the best workshops producing pottery and porcelain were in the mountainous regions. Today not even one half of the output is being produced, and the present plan foresees the revival of this industry. The plains are to be cultivated; and besides rice, it has been decided to set aside 1,00,000 hectares for sugarcane, 50,000 hectares for soya beans and 20,000 hectares for orchards.

WEST GERMANY-Year of Arms Boom

WEST GERMANY Year of Arms Boom Ramesh Jaura RECENTLY, the West German armed forces exhibited their shining armour

WEST GERMANY-Creeping Authoritarianism

October 22, 1977 WEST GERMANY Creeping Authoritarianism Ramesh Jaura ARE the urban terrorists 'revolutiona- ries' himing at the liberation of the masses? Or, are they just Ordinary criminals' sheltering behind the thoughts of Marx, Mao and Marcuse? Are they 'rebels' frustrated by the snail's pace at which governments respond to the needs of the silent majority? Or, are they "Hitler's Children" willy-nilly paving the way for fascism? These questions have been debated in the Federal Republic of Germany ever since the Red Army Fraction (RAF), also known as the Baader-Meinhof gang, started making its presence felt. In fact West Germany is now in the midst of a verbal civil war in which a minority of the doubt- ting Thomases are pitted against the majority of hardliners on the question of terrorism.

WEST GERMANY-The Neutron Bomb

consequent upon many countries finally perceiving the threat both of them pose to world peace. South Africa has exported huge amounts of capital to Israel. Of late, Israel has set up banks in South Africa. Israel also provides South Africa with much needed technology and manufactured goods for the development of its highly restricted industry. South Africa has also tried to bypass the boycott on its products by selling them via Israel. By selling its goods through Israel, South Africa has not even to pay taxes on exports to Europe since Israel has an agreement with the Common Mar ket. Above all, South Africa requires modern technology and strategic knowledge, all of which Israel is happy to give in lieu of precious raw materials. The two countries are also collaborating in the production of nuclear weapons.

WEST GERMANY- An Interview with Willy Brandt

not possible. Will they be able to unite and evolve a set of tactics that are flexible enough to be operative in the IN an exclusive interview to this reporter, former West German Chancellor Willy Brandt expressed the hope that Indo-German bilateral relations will be further developed, not only in the economic and foreign political areas but also as far as the substance of consultations on international policy and world economy are concerned. Chairman of the dominant partner of the ruling coalition, SPD, and president of the Socialist International, Brandt said: "The SPD and I myself, and many of our European friends, have followed with sympathy the start of the new administration headed by Morarji Desai." He, however, added: "Our friends in the opposition should not feel themselves excluded from our goodwill and desire to have as many friendly contacts as possible.'' Asked for his reaction to news reports that the SPD chairman had personally intervened with the government of Indira Gandhi, particularly on behalf of George Femandes, Brandt said; "We are not in a mood to interfere in the problems of India .. Of course, we were glad to welcome George Fernandes several weeks ago at a party leaders' conference in Amsterdam. He was able to come not only as a free man, but also as a minister in the new Indian government." Brandt's careful choice of words in commenting on recent developments in India, the 19-months of Emergency, and the unseating of the Congress party both at the Centre and in a large number of states, is better understood in the context of the West German attitude to India. All the major political parties in West Germany

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