ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Ramesh ChandSubscribe to Ramesh Chand

WTO and Oilseeds Sector

A further likely lowering of edible oil import tariffs under the WTO may leave India with less scope to provide protection to its domestic oilseeds industry in the future. Besides, in such a situation, India's already high level of imports will make it particularly vulnerable to global price volatility. The country needs to urgently boost its domestic competitiveness in the sector.

Minimum Support Price in Agriculture

The many changes that have taken place in the country's agriculture, most important of all the changes in the demandsupply balance in respect of the major crops, urgently call for a fresh look at the role and relevance of the system of minimum support prices.

Subsidies and Support in Agriculture

The WTO agricultural package on domestic support and export subsidies provides for complex classification of support and subsidies for agriculture, some of which are totally exempt from reduction commitments. This classification favours developed countries, which are able to maintain a high level of support for agriculture. Developing countries should press for combining all forms of support for agriculture and seek reduction in total support in order to attain a level playing field.

Wheat Exports: Little Gain

In most cases, wheat exports have led to a jump in domestic prices, necessitating high-cost imports. Besides, wheat exports have invariably fetched prices lower than the prevailing international prices.

Emerging Crisis in Punjab Agriculture

As is often the case, agricultural diversification is being suggested as the future strategy to address the problems confronting Punjab agriculture. The present paper, based on empirical evidence, examines the scope of agricultural diversification by analysing various dimensions of the suggested alternative. It discusses prospects of the diversification alternative and its implication on employment, income, natural resources and ecology. An attempt is also made to propose future strategy for agricultural and economic development of Punjab in the post-green revolution period.

Rice-Wheat Crop System in Indo-Gangetic Region-Issues Concerning Sustainability

T Haque Some agricultural experts have expressed the apprehension that the emergence of rice-wheat rotation crop system as a post-green revolution phenomenon has resulted in waterlogging, soil salinity and over-exploitation of the natural resource base. Moreover, it is argued that short time duration between rice-wheat crop rotation has ted to sub-optimal land preparation and sub-optimal use of other inputs, causing reduction in yield of rice and wheat. While refuting any plateauing or stagnation in yield of rice and wheat, this paper nevertheless suggests that besides technological improvement, strengthening infrastructural facilities and initiating better land and water management through participatory approach can go some way in addressing the problems confronting the rice-wheat system in the Indo-Gangetic region.

Removal of Import Restrictions and India s Agriculture-The Challenge and Strategy

India's Agriculture The Challenge and Strategy Ramesh Chand There is a demand from some developed countries that India, since it was no more suffering from the balance of payment problem' should come out with a plan to phase out quantitative restrictions (QRs) on imports, On the other hand, Indian officials in the Krishi Bhavan fear that liberalisation of agricultural imports would hit Indian producers and impair the growth prospects of the farm sector. Against this background, this paper discusses: (a) the implications of removal of QRs for Indian agricultural sector, (b) circumstances that would lead to imports after removal of QRs, and (c) strategy and policy the country should follow to minimise the adverse impact of QR removal on agricultural sector.

Sustainability of Rice-Wheat Crop System in Indo-Gangetic Region

in Indo-Gangetic Region Ramesh Chand T Haque There has been some apprehension that the high growth rates in the productivity and output of rice and wheat may not be sustainable. This paper looks at the growth trends and discusses the problems and issues related to this crop system especially in the Gangetic and trans-Gangetic plains, where rice-wheat farming is widely practised.

Ecological and Economic Impact of Horticultural-Evidence from Himachal Pradesh

Development in the Himalayas Evidence from Himachal Pradesh Ramesh Chand Although economic factors strongly favour the promotion ofhorticulture in the Himalayas the strategy has been questioned, on the grounds that horticulture would result in ecological degradation in the region. This paper investigates the impact of the expansion of area under fruits and vegetables in Himachal Pradesh and attempts to provide an appropriate perspective for formulating a policy for horticulture in the region.

Public and Private Capital Formation in Indian Agriculture-Comments on Complementarity Hypothesis and Others

Economists in the recent past have suggested that the decline in public sector capital formation in Indian agriculture is not only bad in itself, it also leads to a decline in private capital formation because there exists a high complementarity between public and private capital formation in agriculture. This would mean that if the declining trend of public sector capital formation is not reversed, prospects of agricultural growth in the country are dim.

Role of Water Rights in Farmer-Managed Hill-Irrigation Systems

Irrigation Systems Ramesh Chand Kuhls are the mainstay of hilt irrigation in Himachal Pradesh, For their efficient and equitable performance it is imperative that their beneficiary farmers be accorded well defined and legally enforceable water rights. Conferments of such water rights by the state in the past, at the time of revenue settlements, has encouraged the formation of water users associations which help in conflict resolution among beneficiaries as also in effective maintenance of kuhls. While government support for major repairs and channel modernisation is welcome, the state needs to do much more than simply offering financial assistance for kuhl development. It should take the initiative to confer water rights also.


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