ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Pranab MukhopadhyaySubscribe to Pranab Mukhopadhyay

Doubling India’s Farm Incomes

The Government of India aims to double farm incomes by 2022. A mechanism of payment for ecosystem services, which would compensate farmers for the value of the non-market agroecosystem services they produce, would address the issues of farm income and the deep ecological crisis in agriculture. This strategy would be within the fiscal ability of the government and would only use the existing allocation for agriculture. The institutional framework required to implement PES already exists. If properly implemented, PES could persuade Indian farmers to adopt ecologically sensitive agricultural practices which, in turn, could double farm income.

Payment for Ecosystem Services

Paying farmers for ecosystem services that they provide could be a novel way to achieve multiple goals of doubling the farm incomes, reduce rural–urban migration, reduce pressure on urban infrastructure, and at the same time, incentivise sustainable agrarian practices in India.

Missing the Woods for the Ore: Goa's Development Myopia

A recent report by the National Council of Applied Economic Research comparing benefits and costs of mining and forest services finds that mining benefits outweigh the costs they impose. A scrutiny of the methodology of the report suggests an overvaluation of social benefits and undervaluation of social costs. The report also deviates from received practices in environmental valuation of forest benefits. Its conclusions therefore are inaccurate and state policy must be cautious while allowing activities that may cause irreversible damages to Goa's natural wealth.

Does Capital Have a Conscience?

Corporate Accountability and Sustainable Development edited by Peter Utting and Jennifer Clapp (New Delhi: Oxford University Press), 2008; pp xiii + 259, Rs 650 (HB).

Re-Evaluating Multi-Purpose River Valley Projects-A Case Study of Hirakud, Ukai and IGNP

The absence of post-construction reviews severely hamper assessments of multi-purpose river valley projects' (MRVPs) actual performance vis-a-vis its claims. Long-term effects like ecological disequilibriums remain unaccounted for due to an absence of comprehensive pre-project environmental impact assessment. This article, studying three projects, namely, Hirakud, Ukai and Indira Gandhi Nahar Project (IGNP), clearly demonstrates the glaring and complete dichotomy between pre-construction projections and post-construction realities. Waterlogging, salinity, sedimentation and health hazards have a high possibility of occurrence. Even flood control, irrigation and power generation are not effective as envisaged. These experiences, the article argues, need to be studied in-depth and made to constitute an important part of future planning for MRVPs.

Development, Malaria and Public Health Policy-A Case Study in Goa

A Case Study in Goa Pranab Mukhopadhyay Shaila Desouza In Goa, a small state in India, construction activity has been a major factor in the spread of malaria. While private builders, primarily to catering to tourist demand and speculative real estate transactions, the costs of the incidence are being borne by migrant labour, and the local population. The focus of intervention, it is argued here, is incorrectly placed on the migrant worker. Instead, the increased slate expenditure on health, should be financed by taxing the builders who are responsible for creating breeding grounds at construction sites, which make vector control methods dysfunctional.

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