ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Projected Effect of Droughts on Supply, Demand, and Prices of Crops in India

This paper assesses the effect of monsoon droughts on the production, demand, and prices of seven major agricultural commodities - rice, sorghum, pearl millet, maize, pigeon pea, groundnut and cotton. A partial generalised equilibrium model is developed to simulate the effects of deficit rainfall on acreage, yield, production, demand, and prices of different agricultural commodities in India. It is used to project the effect of rain deficits on supply, demand, and prices of monsoon session crops.

Long-term Changes in Indian Food Basket and Nutrition

The food consumption pattern in India is diversifying towards high value commodities. The decline in per capita consumption of cereals, in particular, coarse cereals, has worsened the nutritional status of the rural poor. On the basis of National Sample Survey data on dietary patterns and consumer expenditure, this article examines empirical evidence on the nature and extent of long-term changes in consumption patterns and nutritional status of various socio-economic groups at the household level in rural and urban India.

Sustainability of Rice-Wheat Based Cropping Systems in India-Socio-Economic and Policy Issues

Systems in India Socio-Economic and Policy Issues Introduction RICE-WHEAT Cropping Systems (RWCS) gained prominence from the mid- 1960s with the introduction of short- duration and high-yielding varieties of rice and wheat during mid1960s. The rotation has spread in the most fertile regions and has covered about 10 million ha in the Indo-Gangetic plains (IGP) region of India. It is more popular in the non- traditional rice growing states of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, and less in traditional rice growing states of Bihar and West Bengal. The impressive performance of the system during the last three decades resulted in a quantum jump in the production of rice and wheal, which largely contributed in achieving the food self-sufficiency in India, The foodgrain production increased from about 90 million tonnes in 1964-65 to about 190 million tonnes in 1994-95, at an annual growth of little over 2.5 per cent.

Agriculture in Future Demand-Supply

Perspective for the Ninth Five-Year Plan Praduman Kumar V C Mathur This paper provides information on demand for agricultural commodities and suggests the required yield growth in Ninth and Tenth Five-Year Plans. The study identifies the regions which must be explored to meet domestic and exports needs.

Productivity and Source of Growth for Rice

Productivity and Source of Growth for Rice Praduman Kumar Mark W Rosegrant C C MAJI and T Haque(MH)have generated more heat than light, on the issue of economic returns to rice research. Their critique (EPW, September 23, 1995) of our paper 'Productivity and Sources of Growth for Rice in India' (EPW, Review of Agriculture, December 31,1994) is fundamentally wrong. The major points of MH relate to the specification of variables in the regression analysis and the conclusions of the study which according to them are erroneous and misleading. In social sciences one has to be content with proxies for variables, interpolation of missing data, and estimation of parameters based on representati ve sample units. One could always find fault with some of the specifications, unlike in physical science research, which is performed under laboratory conditions. As long as the findings conform to logical judgments, one can use the results for economic policy analysis and decision making.

Productivity and Sources of Growth for Rice in India

This article assesses total factor productivity growth in different regions of India and examines the sources of productivity growth. The authors examine the changes in input use, productivity, cost of production and identify the potential regions for further productivity gains and suggest ways of increasing rice productivity. Marginal rates of return to public investment in rice research are also considered.

Crop Economics and Cropping Pattern Changes

Mruthyunjaya Praduman Kumar This paper discusses how the crop production strategy followed in the post-green revolution period has led to the narrowing of the base of agricultural production. The authors examine the changes in input use, productivity, cost of production, profitability and employment in crops; identify and explain cropping pattern changes; and suggest ways of controlling the imbalances in the cropping pattern.

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