ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Pradeep Kumar PandaSubscribe to Pradeep Kumar Panda

The Elderly in Rural Orissa-Alone in Distress

Alone in Distress AS a result of rapid decline in fertility and mortality, many of the developing countries over the past three decades have witnessed substantial increase in the number and proportion of their elderly population. However, many of the high fertility countries are still demographically young. Although the proportion of elderly in these countries is low, the size of the elderly population is undoubtedly alarming in some of these countries such as India. The estimated elderly population (60 years or over) of India in 1991 is 55 million, representing 6.54 per cent of the total population. It is projected that elderly population would increase to 76 million by the year 2001, representing 7,63 per cent of the total population (Bose 1994; Gokhale et al 1994]. In fact, the number of elderly in India is currently larger than the total population of many countries.

Female Headship, Poverty and Child Welfare-A Study of Rural Orissa

A Study of Rural Orissa Pradeep Kumar Panda On the basis of primary data collected in a rural setting in the state of Orissa, an attempt has been made in this paper to compare the socio-economic status of maleand female-headed households, Subsequently the differences in the use of resources (time and money) between male-headed and female-headed households have been analysed. Finally, the paper explores the relative well-being of the children between the two groups, i e, to what extent female headship influences children's access to social services, and children's actual welfare outcomes, measured in terms of health and education indicators. The results suggest that poverty and female headship are strongly linked in rural Orissa. The results further suggest that the use of resources are significantly different between the two types of households and the comparison of household expenditures indicates that, female- headed households spend relatively less on higher quality food items such as meat, vegetables, milk and other dairy products. Finally the findings show that children in female-headed households are disadvantaged both in terms of access to social services and actual welfare outcomes.
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