ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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PAIN-Hastening Slowly

December 11, 1982 SPAIN Hastening Slowly Peter O'Brien A LITTLE more than five years ago, in these columns (July 2, 1977), I had asked the question: is Spain moving towards socialism? The general election of October 28 has now given the Span- ish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE), led by Felipe Gonzalez, a massive mandate for change. With 201 of the 350 seats in the Spanish parliament it has the constitutional and popular authority to initiate reforms but not to make a revolution. Those reforms will certainly be opposed by the right wing Popular Alliance, under one of Franco's former ministers, Manuel Fraga, whose support increased dramatically (jumping from 9 to 106 seats). With the .virtual electoral annihilation of the Communist Party (reduced to four seats) and what was previously the governing group, Union of the Democratic Centre (now down to a dozen representatives) the parliamentary panorama resembles the famous verbal portrait sketched so vividly in the 1930s by- Spain's great poet, Antonio Machado. There are still the two Spains. The one, embodied institutionally in the Church and the Army with their control over the educational system and the administration, believes fervently in hierarchical, centralised command. Its nationalism is a coat of a single colour

Third World Industrial Enterprises-Export of Technology and Investment

Export of Technology and Investment Peter O'Brien This paper examines some of the causes and consequences of the growth in international operations of LDC enterprises.

MADRID-Towards a Socialist Spain

 Janata party. Besides these factors, there are constraints of state policy which is greatly influenced by the bureaucracy in South Block. Koirala has often been viewed, since the days of Indian ambassador in Kathmandu, C P N Singh (1951-54), as assertive and much too independent minded. His very extensive mass base has disqualified him in the eyes of the bureaucrats of the External Affairs Ministry.

PATENTS SYSTEM-Industrial Property in the Third World

PATENTS SYSTEM Industrial Property in the Third World Peter O'Brien OF all kinds of property none has for so Long been shrouded in mystery as industrial property, that mixture of patents, trademarks and other forms of legal monopolies over production and distribution systems. Whilst tangible items, such as land and factories, have continually been the focus of government policies seeking to shift the relation between profits and wages in one direction or the other, the realm of industrial property has remained untouched and even its ration d'etre largely unquestioned. Yet the nature and spread of industrial property has always been intimately related to the phases of capitalist political and economic expansion. The English Statute of Monopolies of 1623 embodied several of the elements of industrial property as it exists today and was part of the legal base sought by the growing bourgeoisie in its conflict with the prevailing order.1 During the American and French revolutions more than 150 years later the rights of the individual to the fruits of his mind was a dominant theme and industrial property legislation seen as the safeguard of these rights

Destruction and Creation of Development Alternatives

Alternatives Peter O'Brien This paper traces the phases of industrial imperialism and describes the ways in which the internal components of genuine social progress have been destroyed or strangled. at birth in the countries of the hinterland. It indicates the dimensions of, and the bases for, the power now held by the most advanced form of capitalism so far observable
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