ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Paresh ChattopadhyaySubscribe to Paresh Chattopadhyay

Capital(ism), the Progenitor of Socialism

After clarifying the question of “socialism” in Marx’s understanding, this paper draws from “Capital”—Marx’s economic writings in the period 1857–81, including manuscripts in different notebooks and his correspondence with different people—to throw light on his argument concerning the genesis of socialist society from the contradictions of the existing one. 

Twentieth Century Socialism

The 20th century brand of socialism, following the Bolshevik victory as the prototype of socialisms, has nothing to do with socialism as envisaged by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It can be considered only as one among different varieties of socialism such as guild socialism, anarchist socialism, market socialism, and so on. The Marxian socialism, as a portrait of an alternative society after capital, is based on the "associated mode of production." The fundamental characteristic which separates socialism envisaged by Marx from the prevailing socialism is that Marx's socialism, conceived as an association of free individuals, is a completely de-alienated society with no commodity, no money, no waged/salaried labour, no state, all of which are considered as instruments of exploitation and repression of a class society used to put down the immense majority of the humans. The 20th century socialism is quite aptly recognised as a system of party-state, two avatars. Characteristically, and in total opposition to it, in no discussion of the nature of the society after capital-- that is, socialism--by Marx and Engels we find these two avatars. They disappear along with capital, the last class society.

KPD and Fascism

In the article by Prabhat Patnaik“Social Counter-Revolution” published in Frontline (13 June 2014), we have an excellent analysis of the factors which have contributed to the victory of the extreme religious-political right in the recently held general elections in India.

L'affaire Snowden in India

In a commendable editorial, quite properly entitled “Big Brother Is Watching” (22 June 2013), the EPW has put on the spot the Orwellian surveillance programme of the United States (US) government as a massive attack on the right to privacy of the American citizens, “bravely leaked by Edward Snowd

Communists and Capital Punishment

EPW (“Hanging Afzal Guru”, 23 February 2013) should be praised for its splendid editorial on the execution of Afzal Guru.

Lenin Reads Marx on Socialism

What Lenin presents as socialism is far removed from what Marx meant by it. Lenin's "socialism" is really state capitalism.

The New French President

Emile Chabal’s article “Europe after Sarkozy” (EPW, 2 June 2012) on François Hollande and the French is a well-argued and well-balanced piece. However, I would like to focus on an ­aspect concerning President Hollande which Chabal has not discussed. This concerns Syria.

On a Strange Misreading of Marx: A Note

In "A Marxist Post-mortem of Soviet Socialism" (EPW, 28 May 2011), Markar Melkonian's ideas of socialism and dictatorship of the proletariat do not correspond to those of Marx. Further, "soviet socialism" was neither soviet nor socialism, even in Lenin's time.

Scholar Enchanted

The Seductions of Karl Marx by Murzban Jal (Delhi: Aakar Books), 2010; pp 231, Rs 495 (hb).

Marx as a Cover for Lenin

We read with great interest the scholarly paper “In Defence of Leninism” by Murzban Jal (EPW, 1 January 2011). He offers a large number of things in his learned discourse some of which we are not competent to discuss.

Marx Made to Serve Party-State

On Socialism: Selections from Writings of Karl Marx, Frederick Engels, V I Lenin, J V Stalin, Mao Zedong edited by Irfan Habib


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