ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Parag D ParoboSubscribe to Parag D Parobo

Power and the Politics of a Hindu Upper Caste in Colonial Goa (1740–1961)

The relationship between the Gaud Saraswat Brahmins and the Portuguese state has not drawn much scholarly attention. This paper examines the transformation of the numerically marginal, yet most highly placed GSBs in the Portuguese Goa. It focuses on the amicable and conflictive strategies of the community with the Portuguese imperial agents, the colonisers of Portuguese origin and the Goan Catholics. It studies internal contradictions, the caste networks and institutions in the context of competitive conditions in the 19th century and the first decades of the 20th century. These processes, the paper suggests, are critical in understanding the cultural and political prospects of the scribal communities; they help trace a complex history of language practices, the kind of influence their position and skills enabled, and the formation of a Hindu polity.

Tristão Bragança Cunha and Nationalism in Colonial Goa

Unlike other Indian nationalists, the Goan nationalist Tristão Bragança Cunha did not attempt to create a monolithic nationalist formation, he celebrated hybridisation instead. Bragança was involved in detaching the idea of the Indian nation from Indological traits, but was also caught up in stressing Goa’s cultural affinity with India and went on to impose India on Goa. The strategy may seem contradictory when viewed through the prism of a standard view of nationalism, it does, however, constitute a crucial position through which the Catholic nationalists in Goa were coming to terms with self-representation. Brought up as a Catholic and entangled in an identity crisis, Bragança Cunha was a precursor of the postcolonial theorists who later developed the sophisticated arguments of the “mimic man.” By examining the life and work of Bragança Cunha, this article analyses a type of nationalism that emerged against the background of Portuguese colonialism, a nationalism that challenges the singularity of nationalist imaginations.

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